Capital of Paliki
Lixouri is the second largest community in Kefalonia after Argostoli and is the capital of the small peninsula, Paliki. The farming community of Lixouri is first mentioned in 1534, in a written protest to the Venetian senate. In 1800, under the French occupation, Lixouri became the headquarters of the Bureau of Sanitation and the City Court, and this gave rise to hopes that it would become capital of the island; Argostoli had been the capital since 1759. As you would expect, a vendetta started up between the two towns which lasted for centuries, a few people may still be keeping it alive today.
Two violent earthquakes (January 23rd 1867 and August 12th 1953) completely demolished most of the old traditional houses. Alhough present day Lixouri may not look anything like the larger town of Argostoli, it does however boast several important churches, lovely buildings, small traditional houses and flower-filled squares with picturesque coffee shops. Tavernas and immaculate beaches for swimming.
As you enter the town, on your right stands the Lyceum building, with the fine statue of Stamos Petritsis, the work of the sculptor Bonanos. On the seaside road is Radicals' Square, with statues of three of the ten radical Parliamentary deputies who signed the resolution to unite the Ionian islands with Greece. The Lixouriotes have honoured all their distinguished men with statues and busts, which now grace the town's squares and parks. The bronze statue of Andreas Laskaratos, a work of Apartis, welcomes visitors arriving by sea. Between the two jetties, fishermen tie their boats and caiques.
In the main square stands a huge rubber tree which was planted by a local barber in the 70s. Rumour has it that the barber previously kept the plant in his shop however, when he retired the barber decided to plant it in a flower bed that existed then in the square, without any help the plant has blossomed into the grand focal point we see today. There was also a poplar tree on the top of the square, near to the cake shop which according to local historians, was planted by Lixouri's first policeman after the celebrations on the occasion of unity with Greece in 1864. However, the tree was taken down several years ago because of safety reasons and a plaque now stands in its place
Looking across to the Lassi penninsula from Lixouri, you will see the lower road going to Argostoli. The road climbing up the mountain is the main road from Argostoli that passes through the Ainos mountain range to the centre of the island and eventually ending up at Sami on the other side. If you travel by car, keep to the main road as some of the tracks in and around Mount Ainos are not for the faint hearted!!